DSM-5's 2022 updates: An overview

In March 2022, the American Psychiatric Association Publishing released a revised version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, PsychCentral reported March 17. 

The newest edition, the DSM-5-TR, includes some changes to codes for clinicians, updates to diagnostic and taxonomic criteria, and the addition of prolonged grief disorder.

  • Prolonged grief disorder diagnostic criteria
    • a persistent grief response for a duration of longer than 12 months (six months for a child)
    • symptoms that significantly interrupt a person's day-to-day functioning
    • experiences that can't be attributed to another condition, such as major depressive disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Unspecified mood disorder
    • Though unspecified mood disorder was removed from the DSM-5 in a 2013 update, the DSM-5-TR reinstated the diagnosis
    • The diagnosis is intended to be used to help clinicians avoid misdiagnosis, encompassing patients presenting symptoms that do not fit entirely under bipolar or depressive disorders, allowing more time for observation to provide a more accurate diagnosis
  • Nonsuicidal self-harm
    • A new diagnosis for the instance of self-harm without suicidal intentions
  • Use of gender-inclusive language
    • "Desired gender" revised to "experienced gender"
    • "Cross-sex medical procedure" revised to "gender-affirming medical procedure"
    • "Natal male/female" to "individual assigned male/female at birth"

A more exhaustive list of updates to the DSM-5-TR provided by the American Psychiatric Association can be found here.

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